Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Miró was born in Barcelona on 20 April 1893. After receiving a business
education, he attended the Galis art school in Barcelona from 1912/15. In 1917
he met Francis Picabia, who published his Dadaistic review 391 in Barcelona.
In 1919 Miró went to Paris for the first time, where he met Picasso and many
other artists. In the meantime, Miró had come to move back and forth between
the French capital and Spain, In Paris he joined the Dada movement. In 1921
his first solo exhibition took place at the Galerie La Licorne. Miró met Henri
Masson. In 1924 he was admitted to the circle of the Surrealists and
participated in their exhibition in 1925. In 1928 Miró created his first
papiers collés (glued pictures) and collages. In 1929 he married Pilar
Juncosa. When the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936, he went into exile in
France (Paris, Normandy). In 1940, faced with the German invasion, he returned
to Spain, though. He spent the years of World War II in Barcelona and
Mallorca. It was only in 1948 that he returned to Paris; in the following
years he went on a number of journeys (USA, Japan) and received numerous
awards and decorations. In 1975 he founded the Miró foundation in Barcelona.
Miró died on 25 December 1983 in Palma de Mallorca.